History of Holguin, Cuba

Very nearby Holguin, the first European visitor set foot on Cuba.  Christopher Columbus landed in what is believed to have been today's Holguín province on October 27, 1492. He declared that it was "the most beautiful country human eyes had ever seen". Soon more ships arrived from Spain and Cuba was inhabited slowly despite the struggles with the native Indians.

Statute of Columbus on the place it is believed he landed in 1492.
Statute of Columbus on the place it is believed he landed in 1492.

Holguin is an ancient city with an eventful history. Founded as San Isidoro de Holguín in 1545, it is named after its founder Captain García Holguín, a Spanish military officer. The city has witnessed a great deal of fighting during the Wars of Independence. It has a predominant Hispanic influence and has various monuments paying tribute to its war heroes.

In 1600, Holguín separates the administration of the city of Bayamo. In 1712 the Bishop of hostis Gerónimo y Valdés authorizes the chapel of the city becoming a Church. Juan González de Herrera was the first priest holder. 14th, 1720 is the date used by residents of the city to celebrate its foundation. The date is the first mass celebrated in the Church of San Isidoro present.

A painting of the founder of Holguin, Carcia de Holguin.
A painting of the founder of Holguin, Carcia de Holguin.



In 1726, Diego de la Torre Hechavarría becomes the first city officials responsible to mediate in local conflicts. In 1745 Captains Pedro Batista Bello y Garced dies in battle against the English, who tried to ascend from the bay of the river Gibara Cacoyuguín to seize the city. Holguín in 1751 received the title of City.

The province of Holguin was founded in 1978, when it was split off the region of Oriente, which included the current provinces of Santiago de Cuba, Las Tunas, Granma, Holguin and Guantanamo.